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Journal of Agriculture
And Environment
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JAE is a biannual, peer reviewed publication of the Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo, Sokoto, Nigeria. The Journal welcomes articles from original research in the various branches of agriculture and related fields, specifically in areas of:
  • Agriculture (crop, animal and soil sciences)
  • Agricultural economics, extension and policy
  • Agricultural engineering and mechanization
  • Food science and technology
  • Biotechnology as related to agriculture
  • Forestry, fisheries and wildlife management
  • Rangeland management
  • Interaction of the above with the environment
Most Current
PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS OF COWPEA IN FUNAKAYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA
A. Ali and M.I. Hudu
Year:June, 2019, Volume: 15, Issue: 1
Pages: 1-6
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The study examined profitability of cowpea production in Funakaye Local Government Area of Gombe State. The primary data for the study were obtained using structured questionnaire administered to 38 sampled farmers in the study area. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages and multiple regressions were used to analyse the data. The results showed that the estimated gross margin, and returns on naira invested were N 42,602 and N 1.58 respectively. The result of the Double -log functional form revealed that the value of coefficient of determinant (R2) was 0.67. The significant explanatory variables include quantities of seed (X1), agrochemicals (X2) and organic fertilizer (X5). The major constraints faced by the cowpea farmers include inadequate credit, poor road network, unfavourable climate and pest and diseases. It is recommended the three tiers of Government (Federal, State and Local) should assist the farmers with subsidised agrochemicals, seeds and capital in the form of loans in the study area.
SUPPLY RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF MILLET IN FUNAKAYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA: A PROFIT FUNCTION APPROACH
J.R. Mani, A.Y. Abdullahi, L.A. Ibrahim and M. Yusuf
Year:June, 2019, Volume: 15, Issue: 1
Pages: 7-17
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This study focused on output supply and input elasticities of millet crop in Funakaye LGA, Gombe State, Nigeria. The specific objectives determined millet supply response to prices of input and non-price factors. Primary data were collected through structured questionnaire administered to 300 randomly selected millet farmers. Data were analysed using translog profit function approach. Profit of millet production showed that the coefficient of factor prices of labour, seeds and agrochemicals were found to be negative in the profit function as expected. The own-price elasticity of millet supply is in the elastic region. Cost of fertilizer has the highest elasticity compared to costs of seeds, labour and agrochemicals. Among the fixed inputs, millet supply is least responsive to number of household members participating in millet production and most responsive to farmers level of education. The research concludes that price incentives can be an attractive strategy for expanding millet supply, while emphasis should also be put on support price to all input prices and relevant non-price factors such as education and land reforms. It is hence recommended that policy needs to go beyond price interventions as a means for expanding millet supply, as price and non-price incentives are judicious in influencing smallholder farmers’ production decision and supply. This could be through encouraging better use of resources and its availability as well as the development of rural infrastructure. The Agency for Adult education and extension agents could consider providing basic education training within farming communities.
MICRO-CREDIT UTILIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON FAMERS MAIZE OUTPUT AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
A.S. Idi, M.A. Damisa, B. Ahmed, O.I. Edekhegregor and Y.U. Oladimeji
Year:June, 2019, Volume: 15, Issue: 1
Pages: 19-31
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This study examined micro-credit utilization and its impact on farmers’ maize output and household food security in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Primary data based on 2015 farm season were collected from two categories of farmers; beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of micro-credit with the aid of structured questionnaire and interview. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted to collect data from four Local Government Areas (LGAs): Zango-Kataf, Chikun, Lere and Giwa. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Propensity Score Matching (PSM) model. The study revealed that there is statistically significant difference between beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of microcredit with respect to age, educational level and farming experience of the respondents sampled. The results from PSM estimator revealed that micro-credit utilization had a positive and statistically significant impact on maize output and food security among maize farming households. The Nearest Neighbor marching (NNM) shows that maize output per hectare and per capita income of 2,920.47 kg/ha (29%) and N254, 080.94/annum (29%) on average was achieved, by maize farming household who used microcredit during the production period under study. The study revealed that there is a significant impact of microcredit accessibility on maize output and household food security of the beneficiaries in the study area. There is need for the provision of infrastructure such as electricity, roads, markets, portable water, health and communication to compliment credit use that would improve the welfare of the farmers. There is also the need to improve the pricing system of maize output. The credit should be monitored by relevant bodies for effective utilization in maize production to avoid diversion to consumption activities.
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Next Issue
  • December, 2017
Last Publication
  • June, 2017
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